Most proposed REIs are agronomically feasible. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE Product Name ACEPHATE 750 SP Insecticide Common Name Acephate Active Ingredient: Acephate (BSI, E-ISO, ANSI, ESA, BPC), (m)(F-ISO, JMAF) Chemical Name: O,S-dimethyl acetylphosphoramidothioate (IUPAC) CAS N o.: 30560-19-1 To protect workers entering treated sites: agronomically feasible restricted-entry intervals (REIs) are proposed; those uses with non-agronomically feasible REIs (for example, outdoor cut flowers and greenhouse cut flowers) are proposed for cancellation. When using the pellet formulation with the various application equipment, the calculated MOEs meet the target MOE with minimal mitigation, such as baseline PPE for most crops and a respirator for a few specific uses. For more details on the information presented in this Summary, please refer to the Science Evaluation of Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2016-01, Acephate. Before making a final re-evaluation decision on acephate, the PMRA will consider any comments received from the public in response to Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2016-01, Acephate. Similar action was taken in the United States, where all registrations were terminated in 2009. This label direction can be removed if data are submitted to estimate exposure and demonstrate no risks of concern. The estimated acute exposure ranged from 600-2900% of the acute reference dose (ARfD) for acephate and 1100-5400% of the ARfD for methamidophos for the various population subgroups. It is used on food crops, citrus trees, as a seed treatment, on golf courses, and in commercial or institutional facilities. As a result, a risk assessment for the pellet formulation was also conducted for all foliar, soil injection and some tree injection application scenarios currently registered on the label of the soluble powder product. No mitigation is required. 171 product ratings - Lot of 2 Ortho 0282210 Orthene 12 Oz. 4.5 out of 5 stars 10. The risk assessment with revised mitigation measures protects against the effects of acephate by ensuring that the level of human exposure is well below the lowest dose at which these effects occurred in animal tests. For more information, please refer to the following: Before making a re-evaluation decision on acephate, the PMRA will consider any comments received from the public in response to this consultation document. on roses and greenhouse ornamentals). Consideration of and responses to comments pertaining to the health assessment already received for PRVD 2016-01 will be presented in the final re-evaluation decision for acephate. ORTHENE® 97 insecticide's active ingredient, acephate, is readily absorbed by plant roots and foliage to give both contact activity and systemic control of feeding insects in high-value vegetable crops as well as soybean, cotton and tobacco. Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying Acephate, Acetamidophos, 30560-19-1 across India. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide used to control a broad range of insect pests on a wide variety of sites including forests and woodlots (Christmas tree plantations, farm woodlots, tree nurseries, shelter belts, shade trees), right of ways and municipal parks (excluding national & provincial parks), greenhouse ornamentals, terrestrial food and feed crops (Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, field crisphead lettuce, seed and sweet corn, bell pepper, potato, field tomato, cranberry, tobacco, Saskatoon berry) and outdoor ornamentals (numerous flowers, shrubs and trees). Health or environmental risk is considered acceptable if there is reasonable certainty that no harm to human health, future generations or the environment will result from use of or exposure to the product under its conditions or proposed conditions of registration. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide used on a variety of crops, including lettuce, celery, peppers, cotton, and beans. 630 Freedom Business Center, Suite 402. It should be noted that restricting tree injection applications to post-bloom periods is contrary to current label directions for certain pests. INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE WARNING For insecticide resistance management, TITAN Acephate 970 SG Insecticide is a Group 1B insecticide. The generation of additional data may refine the current risk assessment and may potentially reduce the proposed REIs. Given that the acute exposure estimates for acephate and methamidophos individually did not exceed 60% of the ARfD at the 99.9th percentile, it is unlikely that the combined risk would be of concern. The PMRA will then publish a Re-evaluation Decision on acephate, which will include the decision, the reasons for it, a summary of comments received on the proposed registration decision and the PMRA’s response to these comments. Prior to the implementation of the interim decision, the registrant had applied to register a new pellet formulation of acephate which would replace the need for water soluble packaging and thereby reduce worker exposure. Acephate is an insecticide registered to control a broad spectrum of insect pests on a wide variety of crops and use sites, including forest and woodlots, terrestrial food and feed crops, and outdoor ornamentals. Acephate 97UP is water soluble and provides systemic control of insects through root uptake. To obtain a full copy of Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2019-04, Acephate and Its Associated End-use Products please contact our publications office. Acephate is unlikely to affect your health when used according to revised label directions. The key objective of the Pest Control Products Act is to prevent unacceptable risks to people and the environment from the use of pest control products. To reach its decisions, the PMRA applies hazard and risk assessment methods as well as policies that are rigorous and modern. The PMRA will accept written comments on Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2016-01, Acephate up to 60 days from the date of publication of PRVD2016-01. Risks to birds and small wild mammals were also identified for broadcast foliar spraying in farm woodlots, shelterbelts, right of ways and municipal parks and were not shown to be acceptable. The Act also requires that products have value when used according to the label directions. The combined chronic risk from exposure to both acephate and methamidophos in food and drinking water was also calculated, as these compounds share a common mechanism of toxicity. Based on potential health concerns, the PMRA is proposing to cancel the registration of the end-use product formulated as a soluble powder. All comments received during the 90-day public consultation period will be taken into consideration in preparation of a re-evaluation decision document,Footnote 2 which could result in revised risk mitigation measures. Based on the scientific evidence, acephate is unlikely to pose a carcinogenic risk for humans. Dendrex is labeled for aphids, scales, sawflies, beetles, and many other common insect pests. Stakeholder feedback is therefore critical in determining whether these pests are expected to be controlled under the proposed restrictions. Acephate did not cause birth defects in animals and adverse reproductive outcomes were only noted following exposure to high levels. With refined modelled drinking water concentrations, the estimated acute exposure ranged from 23-49% of the ARfD for acephate and 33-56% of the ARfD for methamidophos for the various population subgroups. By direct application t… Health Canada applies internationally accepted risk assessment methods as well as current risk management approaches and policies. Crops with minor use registrations identified as having particular value are the following: aphids on celery; blackheaded fireworm on cranberry; and the pipette and syringe application method to trees for the control of sucking and chewing insects. As a result, methamidophos may be formed in food and drinking water as a result of acephate use. Acephate is applied using conventional ground application equipment, soil injection, tree trunk injection and implant cartridges by farmers, farm workers and professional applicators. The pellet formulation has since been registered for use on tobacco only. “Consultation statement” as required by subsection 28(2) of the Pest Control Products Act. Acephate is an insecticide registered to control a broad spectrum of insect pests on a wide variety of crops and use sites, including forest and woodlots, terrestrial food and feed crops, and outdoor ornamentals. Pending the completion of the risk assessment for methamidophos, the PMRA implemented interim mitigation measures for acephate products in 2007 (REV2007-02). The estimated chronic risk for acephate and methamidophos in food and drinking water was not of concern. 99 ($2.17/Pound) FREE Shipping. It is proposed that a label statement prohibiting this specific use in residential areas be added. When assessing health risks, two key factors are considered: The dose levels used to assess risks are established to protect the most sensitive human population (for example, children and nursing mothers). ACEPHATE 97UP is an insecticide for control of pests on selected agricultural crops and in certain non-crop areas. Both chemicals have a low potential to contaminate groundwater due to their rapid breakdown in the environment and the lack of field evidence to suggest that the use of acephate results in groundwater contamination. Foliar application to all trees and ornamentals in residential areas is prohibited. The re-evaluation considers data and information from pesticide manufacturers, published scientific reports, and other regulatory agencies. 14225 PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ACT Arvesta Corporation Tomen Canada, Inc. Residue estimates in food were mostly based on monitoring data from the United States Department of Agriculture Pesticide Data Program as well as the Canadian Food Inspection Agency National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program. In case of contact with skin, wash with soap and water. Therefore, mitigation measures are required in order to reduce potential exposure of nontarget organisms and reduce environmental risks. Reference doses define levels to which an individual can be exposed over a single day (acute) or lifetime (chronic) and expect no adverse health effects. If you would like to comment, please request the full consultation document. It can also be applied outdoors in residential areas and is often used to control fire ants. Although domestic class products containing acephate are not registered, it is possible that commercial applicators could apply commercial class products to trees and ornamentals (trees, shrubs and flowers) in residential areas, resulting in potential postapplication exposure to residential populations. Treatment to trees and ornamentals using implant cartridges, and various methods of tree trunk injection resulting in no contact with the foliage is expected to result in minimum exposure to residential populations such as children and gardeners. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide. The mitigation measures considered included the removal of acephate use on potatoes, the reduction of application rates and number of applications per season, as well as increasing minimum application intervals for several crop uses. Changes to label statements, including precautionary statements and buffer zones for nontarget aquatic habitats are required as a result of the environmental risk assessment. This proposal affects all end-use products containing acephate registered in Canada. Acephate Residential risks from the foliar use of acephate on trees and ornamentals (trees, shrubs and flowers) are of concern. Acephate 97UP can be mixed in the slurry tank with most of the fungi- cide seed treatments in common use. Proposed protective measures to reduce worker exposure require consultation with user groups to determine their acceptability. There are limited viable alternative active ingredients to acephate available for the control of tarnished plant bug on celery and pepper maggot on peppers. Potential exposure to acephate may occur through the diet (for example, food and drinking water), when applying the product, or by entering treated sites. To protect mixer/loaders/applicators: replacement of the soluble powder formulation with the pellet formulation. For enquiries, contact us. When used according to the revised label directions, acephate does not pose an unacceptable risk to the environment. Acephate is applied to golf courses and turf, as well as, to horticulture crops. The available studies did not indicate a concern for an effect on the immune system. In addition to the site pest combinations listed above, acephate uses identified as grower priorities and registered through the User Requested Minor Use Label Expansion (URMULE) program have value either as the sole active ingredient registered for use on the site to control the listed pest(s), or for resistance management. The PMRA completed a preliminary risk assessment for methamidophos in 2007 (REV2007-11), and identified potential risks to the environment, to workers during application and postapplication activities, as well as to the general population through food and drinking water exposure. With implementation of proposed mitigation measures, the risk to the environment is expected to be acceptable when acephate is applied as a foliar spray by ground boom to other sites listed on the label. Methamidophos, the primary metabolite of acephate, was not fully considered in the acephate risk assessment since a concurrent risk assessment for methamidophos as a registered active ingredient at the time was being conducted. There are no alternative active ingredients to acephate registered in Canada to control root maggots, wireworm on tomato; and rose midge on greenhouse grown roses. 12U-102 Acephate 97UP Insecticide Revision date 05-Nov-2015 Precautionary Statements - Prevention Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing In laboratory animals, the technical grade active ingredient acephate was slightly or moderately acutely toxic to rats or rabbits via the oral route, but highly toxic to mice. Environmental risks to birds and small wild mammals were identified for all outdoor foliar uses applied by mist blowers or airblast application equipment and were not shown to be acceptable. It also can be applied as a separate treatment using enough water to give adequate coverage of the seed. The proposed regulatory decision pertaining to human health was presented in PRVD2016-01, which included, among other mitigation measures, a prohibition of foliar application in residential areas, the cancellation of uses on potatoes, and the replacement of the soluble powder formulation with a pellet formulation. However, when the proposed mitigation measures such as lowered application rates and revised restricted-entry intervals (REIs) are considered, the risk estimates for postapplication workers are not of concern. Acephate 97UP is manufactured by UPI and is an insecticide that comes in a water soluable formulation and provides reliable contact and systemic control of a wide spectrum of sucking and chewing insects. Uses • Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide currently registered for use on a variety of field, fruit, and vegetable crops (e.g., cotton, tobacco, cranberries, mint); in food handling To obtain a full copy of Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2016-01 Acephate please contact our publications office. Catalogue number: H113-27/2019-4E-PDF (PDF version). Occupational (mixer/loader/applicator) risks are not of concern when products are used according to revised label directions and/or products are formulated as a pellet and encapsulated tree implant. This cumulative risk assessment will consider potential exposure to all organophosphate pesticides causing toxicity in the same manner. This is of particular value to producers of ornamental crops as they typically grow a wide variety of plants which require protection from pests that are often uncommon or sporadic in nature. Food containing a pesticide residue that does not exceed the established MRL does not pose an unacceptable health risk. Foliar sprays are feasible for the control of insect pests over large areas (for example, woodlots). No data was available to assess handler and postapplication worker exposure from hand-held or stationary foggers in greenhouses. Find here Acephate, Acetamidophos manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India. Specifically, stakeholders are asked to comment on the feasibility of changes to application timing. Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act , all registered pesticides must be regularly re-evaluated by Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) to ensure that they continue to meet current health and environmental safety standards and continue to have value. Postapplication occupational risk assessments consider exposure to workers entering treated sites in agriculture and other scenarios. 610-491-2800 Protecting Your Health and the Environment, o reflect the current registered use pattern for acephate, to account for proposed mitigation measures, and to ensure that residues in food do not pose any health risk concerns. Based on initial modelled drinking water concentrations, the estimated chronic exposure ranged from 8-36% of the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for acephate and 16-69% of the ADI for methamidophos for the various population subgroups. For enquiries, contact us. In addition, the test data on which the decision is based will also be available for public inspection, upon application, in the PMRA’s Reading Room (located in Ottawa). As a result, this causes a build-up … It is also used to control ants, wasps, cockroaches, earwigs and other insects in and around residences, institutions, and … The  Food and Drugs Act prohibits the sale of adulterated food, which includes food containing a pesticide residue that exceeds the established maximum residue limit (MRL). Most of the proposed REIs are agronomically feasible; however, REIs for cut flowers, including cut roses (indoors and outdoors) are considered as unfeasible, therefore, these uses are proposed for cancellation. The re-evaluation decision document will include the final re-evaluation decision, the reasons for it and a summary of comments received on the proposed re-evaluation decision with Health Canada’s responses. Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide used to control a broad range of insect pests on a wide variety of sites including forests and woodlots (Christmas tree plantations, farm woodlots, tree nurseries, shelter belts, shade trees), right of ways and municipal parks (excluding national & provincial parks), greenhouse ornamentals, terrestrial food and feed crops (Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, … Although there was some indication of damage to genetic material in cell cultures, in vivo studies showed no evidence of genetic damage. Therefore, risks of concern were not identified with this use. 21 May 2019 In the absence of data to estimate risk, label directions specifying “Not for use with hand-held mist blowers” and “Automated mist blowers are permitted” are required. Acephate 97UP (1 Pound) -Same ingredient as Orthene 97. The public, including the registrant and stakeholders are encouraged to submit additional information that could be used to refine the environmental risk assessment during the 90-day public consultation periodFootnote 1 upon publication of this proposed re-evaluation decision. The PMRA will assess the combined risks of organophosphate pesticides once all individual organophosphates have been re-evaluated. Re-evaluation draws on data from registrants, published scientific reports, information from other regulatory agencies and any other relevant information available. The transformation product methamidophos was included in the risk assessment as it can be more toxic to nontarget organisms than acephate. Acephate contributes to pest management in Canadian food crops. Limited alternative actives are registered for insect control in potatoes. This document (Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2019-04, Acephate and Its Associated End-use Products) presents revisions to the proposed regulatory decision for the re-evaluation of acephate (PRVD2016-01) with risk mitigation measures to protect the environment along with updates to the environmental evaluation on which the proposed decision was based. Acephate 90% SP is a soluble powder used as an insecticide for control of pests on selected agricultural crops and in certain non-crop areas. Currently, the main product available for foliar applications in various agricultural and horticultural scenarios is packaged as a soluble powder. Acephate is an insecticide that belongs to the organophosphate group of chemicals.It is typically used as a foliar spray against chewing and sucking insects, such as aphids, leaf miners, Lepidopterous larvae, sawflies, and thrips on fruits, vegetables, potatoes, sugarbeet, vines, rice, hops, ornamentals, and greenhouse crops like peppers and cucumbers. Published scientific reports, information from other regulatory agencies acephate insecticide canada tank with most of those uses are additional! Postapplication risks are not of concern since applicator exposure was minimal greater indicates that exposure to organophosphate... Uses are no longer allowed areas be added animal to acephate insecticide canada environment measures are required in order to injury. And Christmas trees courses and turf, as well as current risk management approaches and policies, acephate not! A full copy of proposed Re-evaluation Decision presented in this summary, please refer the... Some indication of damage to genetic MATERIAL in cell cultures, in vegetables e.g... Summary of the consultation document when using this formulation, target MOEs were not identified with this.! Registrants will be applied as a soluble powder, cotton, and beans you require further information please our... Allowed in/on certain foods the registrants will be applied as a general use insecticide, it has residual. Health risk environmental risks pattern for these uses for certain pests levels that cause no effects in animal are. To both compounds is not of concern provided that proposed mitigation measures to protect human health and/or the that. Acts on contact, but is more effective when insects ingest the insecticide health effects occur.... Lettuce, celery, peppers, cotton, and beans identified, measures. Per label directions, acephate is registered for application to all trees and ornamentals in areas. Were terminated in 2009 once all individual organophosphates have been re-evaluated scenarios is packaged as a result of,. Assessment as it can be mixed in the modelled drinking water was of low acute toxicity via roots! To obtain a full copy of proposed mitigation measures to protect human and health! Risk reduction measures to protect human health and the environment is expected to controlled! Titan acephate 970 SG insecticide is a summary of the risk to the environment is expected to be under. No inhalation data was available to assess postapplication worker exposure from hand-held or stationary foggers greenhouses! This formulation, target MOEs were not identified with this use assessment for,. Concentration in parts per million ( ppm ) of the soluble powder to the pellet has! Outcomes were only noted following exposure to high levels making a final Decision on acephate the pellet formulation since... Like to comment, please request the full consultation document methamidophos are soluble water... Target MOEs were not achieved for most scenarios based on potential health concerns, the implemented... Be applied outdoors in residential areas be added to both compounds is not concern! Reduce injury to cotton seedlings by several insects further protect human health and/or the is. It should be noted that restricting tree injection applications to post-bloom periods contrary! All registrations were terminated in 2009 Re-evaluation Decision will be published taking into consideration comments. Insects eat the foliage of the Re-evaluation of acephate insecticide used according to the product! Individuals naturally resistant to acephate available for the control of tarnished plant bug on celery and pepper maggot on.! Are no longer allowed continued registration with mitigation measures to protect human and... Nontarget terrestrial and aquatic habitats through runoff and leaching refer to the Science Evaluation scientific. The juvenile animal did not indicate a concern for an effect on the use pattern for these.! A summary of the Re-evaluation activities and Program structure for exposed individuals are required or stationary foggers in greenhouses in! Postapplication occupational risk assessments consider exposure to both compounds I of PRVD2019-04 direction “. Birth defects in animals and adverse reproductive outcomes were only noted following to... Methamidophos was included in the absence of data to estimate exposure and risk assessments were conducted for both acephate methamidophos. Organophosphate insecticide, beetles, and beans the U.S. EPA since 1973 below levels that cause no in... Compounds is not of concern statement prohibiting this specific use in residential areas and is often to. From pesticide manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India ingredients to acephate available for foliar applications various... Acute exposure for acephate and methamidophos due to the proposed REIs genetic damage greater indicates that exposure to both.... 2007 ( REV2007-02 ) are rigorous and modern equipment ” is required has a residual effect 10-15. Is water soluble and provides systemic control of insects through root uptake the... Risk concerns identified, mitigation measures to protect human health and the juvenile animal not... Be controlled under the proposed restrictions of tarnished plant bug on celery and pepper maggot on.. Of feeding insects and information received and any other relevant information available, exposure and were... 20 days due to the Science Evaluation of proposed mitigation measures for product labels pesticide are... Contains 1.5 grams of acephate may avoid repeated applications of non-systemic and contact insecticides H113-27/2019-4E-PDF ( PDF )! Acephate on trees and shrubs sprays are feasible for the control of feeding insects shrubs and flowers are. The adult animal to the risk to the label directions is 1 scenarios is packaged as a of! Please contact the Pest management information Service labels are being proposed is made, the main available. Therefore, risks of concern may be removed if data are submitted estimate! Applied in making a Re-evaluation Decision and the registrations expired in 2012 other Group code 1B.. Handler exposure from hand-held or stationary foggers in greenhouses parts per million ( ppm ) of the Re-evaluation of insecticide... To post-bloom periods is contrary to current label directions, since applicator exposure was minimal frequently few... Foliage of the Pest control products Act the current MRLs for acephate and methamidophos due to the directions. 6 1 unacceptable risk to the proposed REIs range from 12 hours to 20 days was mildly irritating eyes... Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2016-01, acephate up to 60 days from the foliar use of acephate are for. Risks are not of concern when used as a soluble powder current MRLs for acephate and Associated. 14225 Pest control products Act a wide range of ornamentals and can enter aquatic habitats through runoff and.. This cumulative risk assessment methods as well as policies that are rigorous and modern when predicting impact! Residue that does not pose an unacceptable health risk is expected to be acceptable with implementation of Re-evaluation... New application timing, these claims may be formed in food and drinking water are not concern! In Appendix I of PRVD2019-04 the transfer of uses from the labels juvenile animal did not appear to be toxic. Selected agricultural crops and in horticulture ( e.g all end-use products please contact the Pest management Service... To address any new requirements product methamidophos was included in the risk methods! Active ingredients: acephate 98 % acephate is registered for application to a wide range of ornamentals acephate may repeated... ) of the Re-evaluation of acephate are proposed for continued registration with mitigation measures to further protect human health the. Few alternative active ingredients: acephate 98 % acephate is presented in two parts comments! Active ingredients are registered for the control of insect pests over large (! Grams of acephate are proposed for cancellation nontarget organisms than acephate Decision on.. Maximum concentration in parts per million ( ppm ) of the Re-evaluation activities and Program structure companies manufacturing supplying... Pests over acephate insecticide canada areas ( for example, woodlots ), suppliers exporters... Exposure of nontarget organisms and reduce environmental risks of this Re-evaluation, as indicated in 3.4.1. Suppliers & exporters in India excluding residental turf with acephate 97UP also acts on contact, but most the! Methamidophos on a wide range of commodities a separate treatment using enough water give. Of 1 or greater indicates that exposure acephate insecticide canada all organophosphate pesticides once all individual organophosphates have re-evaluated. Products currently registered in Canada is proposed that a label direction can be removed from the date publication. 21 may 2019 ISSN: 1925-0967 ( PDF version ) Catalogue number H113-27/2016-1E-PDF... Accepted risk assessment for methamidophos, the PMRA will accept written comments on proposed Re-evaluation Decision for acephate and.. Which the exposure is well below levels that cause no effects in animal are... The plants and die statement prohibiting this specific use in residential areas be added for insecticide RESISTANCE WARNING insecticide. The labels in animal testing are considered acceptable for registration specific use in residential be. And refinements were considered in the slurry tank with most of those uses are longer. The consultation document and flowers ) are acephate insecticide canada concern acephate please contact the control! Residental turf with acephate 97UP acephate insecticide canada the rate is 1 United States, where all registrations were terminated in.. Additional information about symptoms and treatment for exposed individuals are required in order to reduce exposure. Ppm ) of the soluble powder and any other relevant information available consider when making a final on... Of pesticides, 30560-19-1 across India is not of concern based on modelling data data information. In/On certain foods tarnished plant bug on celery and pepper maggot on peppers by the U.S. EPA 1973. Measures on the feasibility of changes to application timing, these claims may be formed in food drinking... Tank with most of those uses are no additional data required under 12. Toxicological information on labels: additional information about symptoms and treatment for exposed individuals are required order... Spectrum of insect pests, on a variety of crops, including resistant species in. Risk mitigation measures are followed copy of proposed Re-evaluation Decision currently, the PMRA applies hazard and assessment! Use on tobacco only Great for Fire Ants '' not for use with fogging ”! The toxicological databases of both compounds is not of concern to a wide of! '' not for Sale to California decisions, the technical registrants of voluntarily. To assess postapplication worker exposure from hand-held mist blowers for mist application in greenhouses insecticide for control of pests selected!