We can remove the first show in the list to add this one. Are Catholics Morally Obliged to Vote? Pope Pius XII has been accused in the past of not doing all he could to stop Adolf Hitler and save Jews. The film serves as a wonderful primer before the public can learn more about the historical background to the events of that time, which included the Nazi takeover of much of Europe, the … When the archive relating to the pontificate of Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) was opened in 2006, at the request of Pope Benedict XVI, continues the Prefect, “work was already underway for the progressive preparation of the documentary material of Pius XII, which … Anti-Semitism was rampant among some Catholics at the time, something the church would address decades later through the reforms of the Second Vatican Council and the papacy of the Polish-born John Paul II. Wrap it up tightly with cellophane tape. Under The Roman Sky Overview. Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. Pope Pius XII insisted that the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War II and pleaded with the Allies not to bomb Rome. Pope Pius XII guided the Catholic Church through two tumultuous decades, firmly establishing himself as a champion of peace, and the moral voice of a world torn apart by war. The book has four main themes: (1) Pope Pius XII must be understood in his particular historical context. In Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, well-informed scholars--including Michael Marrus, Michael Phayer, Richard L. Rubenstein and Susan Zuccotti--wrestle with these questions. After the war began, how did the pope respond to the horrors of the Holocaust? That draft of the LaFarge encyclical was never made public. In the Words of Pope Pius XII By Tony Odarg on December 19, 2020. The documentary refrains from calling Pius XII “Hitler’s pope” like so many others have done in the past. "A Hand of Peace: Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust" offers valuable insights and contribution to the robust debate surrounding Pope Pius' wartime record. The documentary looks at the papacy of Pius XI and his successor Pius XII and whether the actions of these men could have done anything to stop the deportation and murder of six million Jews. The process on that has, for now, been placed on hold. That was the charge made by a German historian Hubert Wolf, who is also a priest, and a team of scholars he assembled to study the recently opened archives of the church leader. In an effort to address the situation, he went around Vatican Secretary of State, then-Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (and future Pope Pius XII), and enlisted the help of Father John LaFarge, a Jesuit priest and associate editor of America magazine living in the United States, to draft an encyclical to declare that Jews were entitled to equal rights and protections as everyone else. Decreeing that the majority required for the election of a new pope was to be two-thirds plus one. Directed by Christopher Cassel. Pope Pius XII. A newspaper headline announced the Nazi roundup of Jews in Rome in October 1943. Richard Hewes. In telling that story, "Holy Silence" focuses on American officials — from a humble New England priest to the president of the United States — who were working behind the scenes to influence the Vatican's actions during that dark period in modern history. It also takes an American approach to the events that transpired across the Atlantic Ocean, including efforts by Catholics in this country to sway the pope to act. Watch with Prime. The rise of anti-Semitism around the world in recent years and the upcoming opening of the Vatican archive make Holy Silence timely in a way producer/director/writer Steven Pressman could have never imagined when he embarked on this project. The public statements of Pope Pius XII on the Holocaust, or lack thereof, are one of the most controversial elements of the historical debate about Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust.Pius XII's statements have been scrutinized as much, if not more, than his actions during the same period. The Testament of Pope Pius XII was published immediately after his death. Subtitles. He is the former deputy head of news at the New York Daily News and teaches journalism at The King’s College in New York City. Rolf Hochhuth in 2017. He brokered the release of some Roman Jews rounded up in 1943, although most were sent to Auschwitz. The controversy. With Andreas Berg, Arnas Danusas, Michael Deffert, Dan Nachtrab. Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Pacelli (Pope Pius XII), was born in Rome on March 2, 1876, son of Virginia Graziosi and Filippo Pacelli. Take a fresh look at a topic that has sparked controversy for decades. Copyright © 2021 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), all rights reserved. When Pope Pius XII died on 9 October 1958, Golda Meir, then Israeli delegate to the United Nations, sent official condolences: “We share in the grief of humanity at the passing away of His Holiness, Pope Pius XII. Pius XI was on the verge of issuing a papal encyclical against Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism at the time of his death in February 1939. Throughout the 1930s, Pacelli, a Vatican envoy to Germany, became a virulent anti-Communist in those years. In the Words of Pope Pius XII. Regarding Pope Pius XII and his supposed “silence”: The archbishop of Holland spoke out against the Gestapo’s roundup of the Jews and in retaliation the Germans killed 83% of Dutch Jews not married to non-Jews. 1h 45min. Pius XII was pope from 1939 to 1958, years that included World War II. Pius XII established the Vatican Information Service to help refugees and instructed the Church to provide discreet aid to the Jews, thereby saving many lives. In Vatican City, a neutral state within the borders of Rome, Pope Pius XII is struggling to save the city from hunger and destruction. Pope Pius XII insisted that the Vatican remain neutral throughout World War II and pleaded with the Allies not to bomb Rome. Myron Taylor visits the Vatican to persuade Pope Pius XII to speak against Nazi Germany. Father John LaFarge Jr., an American Jesuit priest, was summoned to Rome in 1938 and directed by Pope Pius XI to draft an encyclical denouncing Nazi Germany and anti-Semitism. Pope Pius XII, who led the Catholic Church from 1939 to 1958, has long been criticized for his public silence during the Holocaust. And after the war began, how did the pope respond to the horrors of the Holocaust? In fact, … Slandering a Saint. Nonetheless, much of what transpired — in regards to documents made available and witness recollection — remain largely a mystery and actions open to interpretation. It is this film’s timing, and extraordinary research and magnificent storytelling, that make it a must-see for lovers of history, Jews and especially Catholics. Pope Francis, the current Pope, has stated that there has been “some prejudice and exaggeration” in the historical and public debate surrounding Pius XII’s legacy. The documentary does give Pius’ critics a chance to voice their opinions, but one is definitely left with a good impression of Pope Pacelli. President Franklin Roosevelt hoped that Pope Pius XII would take a strong stand in favor of the Allies during World War II. Two Popes served through the Nazi period: Pope Pius XI (1922–1939) and Pope Pius XII (1939–1958). Pope Francis has fast-tracked the opening of the Pius XII archives in order to help clear up the debate over the war-time pope, whose process for sainthood has been temporarily halted. He … Perhaps the most curious thing about the man, however, is exactly this bifurcation, for there seems no third option, no middle ground for us to choose. Pacelli chose to stay silent. 13+. Entitled “Pius XII and the Second World War: Events, News, and Hypotheses from the Archives,” the conference was convened in anticipation of the opening of the Vatican […] Unused / unissued material -Rome, Italy.A retrospective story made of library material providing flashbacks of the life of Pope Pius XII - Eugenio Pacelli. Born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, Pope Pius XII (00:42) served as Pope of the Catholic Church from 1939 until his death in 1958. Topics Stock Footage, High Definition. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. Subsequently Jewish leaders and rabbis begged the Vatican to “silence the bishops” or no Jews would be left to rescue. The Pope Pius XII was suspected of Nazi collaboration and was called Hitlers Pope. Pope Benedict XVI did so on 19 December 2009, simultaneously making the same declaration in regard to Pope John Paul II. Rome, 1943. cardinal conclave pope . In an allocation to the College of Cardinals in 1946, the last Pope, Pius XII, spoke on the Catholic teaching regarding the obligation of voting. The archive may shed more light on all this, especially as the Vatican considered Pius XII for canonization to sainthood. Before historians and the public can delve into the archive, the film effectively gives historical context to this era, which is back in the news cycle this week since Monday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. Coat it with essential oils 2. Christian Duguay. Still, with his new film “Holy Silence,” it’s hard not to ponder how different things might have been for Europe’s Jews if not for a few twists of fate. What happened that day—and what Pope Pius XII’s role was in its harrowing events—has been written about, and debated, for decades. Image Source: Wikipedia Steps in the embalming of a cadaver: 1. Sort by Popularity - Most Popular Movies and TV Shows tagged with keyword "pope-pius-xii" Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. (REVIEW) Popes are in these days. Rome, 1943. Ambition knows no bounds, nor does corruption in a political thriller. The last few months have given us the fact-challenged Netflix movie The Two Popes and the sin-filled HBO series The New Pope. Many Jews were able to take refuge in church buildings, including the Pope’s own summer residence, Castel Gondolfo. Based on Vatican documents and personal testimonies used for the beatification of Pope Pius XII, this epic film stars acclaimed actor James Cromwell in a powerful movie about the great, often hidden struggle waged by the Pope and many others with him to save the Jews from the Nazis during WWII. We learn from the film that Pius XI, who had a heart condition, had grown increasingly alarmed over the treatment of Jews in Germany. In 1986, John Paul II visited the Rome synagogue. Pope Pius XII, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church during World War II, learned about the mass murder of Jews early in the war but kept the information a secret in the Vatican. Is Pius XII a saint or a sinner? 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